MYSTIC. - In a secret manner; concealed; as mystic testament, for a secret testament. Vide 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 3138; Testament Mystic.


    MYSTERY or MISTERY. - This word is said to be derived from the French mestier now written màtier, a trade. In law it signifies a trade, art, or occupation. 2 Inst. 668. 2. Masters frequently bind themselves in the indentures with their...


    MUTUUM, - or loan for consumption, contracts. A loan of personal chattels to be consumed by the borrower, and to be returned to the lender in kind and quantity; as a loan of corn, wine, or money, which are to be used or consumed, and are to be...


    MUTUARY, - contracts. A person who borrows personal chattels to be consumed by him, and returned to the lender in kind; the person who receives the benefit arising from the contract of mutuum. Story, Bailm. 47.


    MUTUAL. - Reciprocal. 2. In contracts there must always be a consideration in order to make them valid. This is sometimes mutual, as when one man promises to pay a sum of money to another in consideration that he shall deliver him a horse, an...


    MUTINY, - crimes. The unlawful resistance of a superior officer, or the raising of commotions and disturbances on board of a ship against the authority of its commander, or in the army in opposition to the authority of the officers; a sedition;...


    MUTILATION, - crim. law. The depriving a man of the use of any of those limbs, which may be useful to him in fight, the loss of which amounts to mayhem. 1 Bl. Com. 130.


    MUTE, STANDING MUTE, - practice, crim. law. When a prisoner upon his arraignment totally refuses to answer, insists upon mere frivolous pretences, or refuses to put himself upon the country, after pleading not guilty, he is said to stand mute....

  • MUTE,

    MUTE, - persons. One who is dumb. Vide Deaf and Dumb.


    MUTATIS MUTANDIS. - The necessary changes. This is a phrase of frequent practical occurrence, meaning that matters or things are generally the same, but to be altered, when necessary, as to names, offices, and the like.


    MUTATION, - French law. This term is synonymous with change, and is particularly applied to designate the change which takes place in the property of a thing in its transmission from one person to another; permutation therefore happens when, t...


    MUTATION OF LIBEL, - practice. An amendment allowed to a libel, by which there is an alteration of the substance of the libel, as by propounding a new cause of action, or asking one thing instead of another. Dunl. Adm. Pr. 213; Law's Eccl. Law...


    MUSTIRO. - This name is given to the issue of an Indian and a negro. Dudl. S. Car. R. 174.


    MUSTER-ROLL, - maritime law; A written document containing the name's, ages, quality, place of residence, and, above all, place of birth, of every person of the ship's company. It is of great use in ascertaining the ship's; neutrality. Marsh. I...


    MUSICAL COMPOSITION. - The act of congress of February 3, 1831, authorizes the granting of a copyright for a musical composition. A question was formerly agitated whether a composition published on a single sheet of paper, was to be considered...


    MURDRUM, - old Engl. law. During the times of the Danes, and afterwards till the reign of Edward III, murdrum was the killing of a man in a secret manner, and in that it differed from simple homicide. 2. When a man was thus killed, and he was...


    MURDER, - pleadings. In an indictment for murder, it must be charged that the prisoner "did kill and murder" the deceased, and unless the word murder be introduced into the charge, the indictment will be taken to charge manslaughter only. Fost...


    MURDER, - crim. law. This, one of the most important crimes that can be committed against individuals, has been variously defined. Hawkins defines it to be the wilful killing of any subject whatever, with malice aforethought, whether the person...


    MURAL MONUMENTS - . Monuments made in walls. 2. Owing to the difficulty or impossibility of removing them, secondary evidence may be given of inscriptions on walls, fixed tables, gravestones, and the like. 2 Stark. Rep. 274.


    MURAGE. - A toll formerly levied in England for repairing or building public walls.