R

  • RUTA

    RUTA - , civ. law. The name given to those things which are extracted or taken from land, as sand, chalk, coal, and such other things. Poth. Pand. liv. 50, h. t.

  • RUSE DE GUERRE

    RUSE DE GUERRE - . Literally a trick in war; a stratagem. It is said to be lawful among belligerents, provided it does not involve treachery and falsehood. Grot. Droit de la Guerre, liv. 3, c. 1, §9.

  • RURAL

    RURAL - . That which relates to the country, as rural servitudes. See Urban.

  • RUPEE

    RUPEE - , comm. law. A denomination of money in Bengal. In the computation of ad valorem duties, it is valued at fifty-five and one half cents. Act of March 2, 1799, s. 61; 1 Story's L. U. S. 627. Vide Foreign coins. 2. The rupee of Brit...

  • RUNNING WITH THE LAND

    RUNNING WITH THE LAND - . A technical expression applied to covenants real, which affect the land; and if a lessee covenants that he and his assigns will repair the house demised, or pay a ground-rent, and the lessee grants over the term, an...

  • RUNNING OF THE STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS

    RUNNING OF THE STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS - . A metaphorical expression, by which is meant that the time mentioned in the statute of limitations is considered as passing. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 861.

  • RUNNING DAYS

    RUNNING DAYS - . In settling the lay days, (q. v.) or the days of demiurrage, (q. v.) the contract sometimes specifies "running days;" by this exprression is, in general, understood, that the days shall be reckoned like the days in a bill of...

  • RUNCINUS

    RUNCINUS - . A nag. 1 Tho. Co. Litt. 471.

  • RUMOR

    RUMOR - . A general public report of certain things, without any certainty as to their truth. 2. In general, rumor cannot be received in evidence, but when the question is whether such rumor existed, and not its truth or falsehood, then...

  • RULES OF PRACTICE

    RULES OF PRACTICE - . Certain orders made by the courts for the purpose of regulating the practice of members of the bar and others. 2. Every court of record has an inherent power to make rules for the transaction of its business; which rul...

  • RULES

    RULES - , English law. The rules of the King's Bench and Fleet are certain limits without the actual walls of the prisons, where the prisoner, on proper security previously given to the marshal of the king's bench, or warden of the fleet, ma...

  • RULE, TERM

    RULE, TERM - , English practice. A term rule is in the nature of a day rule, by which a prisoner is enabled by the terms of one rule, instead of a daily rule, to quit the prison or its rules for the purpose of transacting his business. lt is...

  • RULE TO SHOW CAUSE

    RULE TO SHOW CAUSE - . An order made by the court, in a particular case, upon motion of one of the parties calling upon the other to appear at a particular time before the court, to show cause, if any he have, why a certain thing should not...

  • RULE OF THE WAR

    RULE OF THE WAR - , l756, comm. law, war. A rule relating to neutrals was the first rule practically, established in 1756, and universally promulgated, that "neutrals are not to carry onin times of war, a trade which was interdicted to them...

  • RULE OF LAW

    RULE OF LAW - . Rules of law are general maxims, formed by the courts, who having observed what is common to many particular cases, announce this conformity by a maxim, which is called a rule; because in doubtful and unforeseen cases, it is...

  • RULE OF COURT

    RULE OF COURT - . An order made by a court having competent jurisdiction. 2. Rules of court are either general or special; the former are the laws by which the practice of the court is governed; the latter are special orders made in part...

  • RULE

    RULE - . This is a metaphorical expression borrowed from mechanics. The rule, in its proper and natural sense, is an instrument by means of which may be drawn from one point to another, the shortest possible line, which is called a straight...

  • RUDENESS

    RUDENESS - , crim. law. An impolite action; contrary to the usual rules observed in society, committed by one person against another. 2. This is a relative term which it is difficult to define: those acts which one friend might do to anothe...

  • RUBRIC

    RUBRIC - , civil law. The title or inscription of any law or statute, because the copyists formerly drew and painted the title of laws and statutes rubro colore, in red letters. Ayl. Pand. B. 1, t. 8; Diet. do Juris. h. t.

  • ROYAL HONORS

    ROYAL HONORS - . In diploniatic language by this term is understood the rights enjoyed by every empire or kingdom in Europe, by the pope, the grand duchies of Germany, and the Germanic, and Swiss confederations, to precedence over all others...