S

  • SYNOD.

    SYNOD. - An ecclesiastical assembly.

  • SYNGRAPH

    SYNGRAPH - . A deed, bond, or other instrument of writing, under the band and seal of all the parties. It was so called because the parties wrote together. 2. Formerly such writings were attested by the subscription and crosses of the w...

  • SYNDIC.

    SYNDIC. - A term used in the French law, which answers in one sense to our word assignee, when applied to the management of bankrupts' estates; it has also a more extensive meaning; in companies and communities, syndics are they who are cho...

  • SYNALLAGMATIC CONTRACT,

    SYNALLAGMATIC CONTRACT, - civil law. A synallagmatic or bilateral contract is one by which each of the contracting parties binds himself to the other; such are the contracts of sale, hiring, &c. Poth. Ob. n. 9. Vide Contract.

  • SYMBOL

    SYMBOL - . A sign; a token; a representation of one thing by another. 2. A symbolical delivery is equivalent, in many cases, in its legal effects, to actual delivery; as, for example, the delivery of the keys of a warehouse in which go...

  • SWINDLER,

    SWINDLER, - criminal law. A cheat; one guilty of defrauding divers persons. 1 Term Rep. 748; 2 H. Blackst. 531; Stark. on Sland. 135. 2. Swindling is usually applied to a transaction, where the guilty party procures the delivery to him, u...

  • SWAINMOTE COURT,

    SWAINMOTE COURT, - Engl. law. The court within the forest to which all the freeholders owe suit and service. Bac. Ab. Courts of the Forest, 2.

  • SUTLER.

    SUTLER. - A man whose employment is to sell provisions aud liquor to a camp. 2. By the articles of war, art. 29, no sutler is permitted to sell any kind of liquor or victuals, or to keep his house or shop open for the entertainment of...

  • SUSPICION.

    SUSPICION. - A belief to the disadvantage of another, accompanied by a doubt. 2. Without proof, suspicion, of itself, is evidence of nothing. When a crime has been committed, an arrest may be made when, 1st. There are such circumstance...

  • SUSPENSION.

    SUSPENSION. - A temporary stop of a right, of a law, and the like. 2. In times of war the habeas corpus act maybe suspended by lawful authority. 3. There may be a suspension of an officer's duties or powers, when he is charged wit...

  • SUSPENSION,

    SUSPENSION, - eccl. law. An ecclesiastical censure, by which a spiritual person is either interdicted tho exercise of his ecclesiastical function, or hin-dered from receiving the profits of his benefice. It may be partial or total; for a li...

  • SUSPENSION,

    SUSPENSION, - Scotch law. That form of law by which the effect of a sentence-condemnatory, that has not yet received execution, is stayed or postponed, till the cause be again considered. Ersk. Prin. L. Scotl. 4, 3, 5. Suspension is compete...

  • SUSPENSION OF ARMS

    SUSPENSION OF ARMS - . An agreement between belligerents, made for a short time or for a particular place, to cease hostilities between them. See Armistice. Truce.

  • SUSPENSION OF A RIGHT.

    SUSPENSION OF A RIGHT. - The act by which a party is deprived of the exercise of his right, for a time. 2. When a right is suspended by operation of law, the right is revived the moment the bar is removed; but when the right is suspended...

  • SUSPENSE.

    SUSPENSE. - When a rent, profit a prendre, and the like, are, in consequence of the unity of possession of the rent, &c., of the land out of which they issue, not in esse for a time, they are said to be in suspense, tunc dormiunt, but t...

  • SUSPENDER,

    SUSPENDER, - Scotch law. He in whose favor a suspension is made. 2. In general a suspender is required to give caution to pay the debt in the event it shall be found due. Where the suspender cannot, from his low or sus-pected circumst...

  • SUS' PER COLL',

    SUS' PER COLL', - EngI. law. In the English practice, a calendar is made out of attainted criminals, and the judge signs the calendar with their separate judgments in the margin. In the case of a capital felony. it is written opposite the p...

  • SURVIVOR.

    SURVIVOR. - The longest liver of two or more persons. 2. In crises of partnership, the surviving partner is entitled to have all the effects of the partnership, and, is bound to pay all the debts owing by the firm. Gow on Partn. 157; Wat...

  • SURVEY,

    SURVEY, - The act by which the quantity of a piece of land is ascertained; the paper containing a statement of the courses, distances, and quantity of land, is also called a survey. 2. A survey made by authority of law and duly returned...

  • SURREPTITIOUS.

    SURREPTITIOUS. - That which is done in a fraudulent stealthy manner. SURROGATE. In some of the states, as in New Jersey, this is the name of an officer who has jurisdiction in granting letters testamentary and letters of administratio...