TYRANT, - government. The chief magistrate of the state, whether legitimate or otherwise, who violates the constitution to act arbitrarily contrary to justice. Toull. tit. prel. n. 32. 2. The term tyrant and usurper, are sometimes used as...


    TYRANNY, - government. The violation of those laws which regulate the division and the exercises of the sovereign power of the state. It is a violation of -its constitution.


    TYBURN TICKET - , Eng. late. A certificate given to the prosecutor of a felon to conviction, is so called. 2. By the 10 & 11. W. III., c. 23, the original proprietor or first assignee of such certificate is exempted from all and all man...


    TWENTY YEARS. - The lapse of twenty years raises a presumption of certain facts, and after such a time, the party against whom the presumption has been raised, will be required to prove a negative to establish his rights. 2. After twent...


    TWELVE TABLES - . The name given to a code of Roman laws, commonly called the Law of the Twelve Tables. (q. v.)


    TUTRIX - . A woman who is appointed to the office of a tutor.


    TUTORSHIP - . The power which an individual, sui juris, has to take care of the person of one who is unable to take care of himself. Tutorship differs from curatorship, (q. v.) Vide Pro-curator; Pro-tutor; Undertutor.

  • TUTOR,

    TUTOR, - civil law. A person who has been lawfully appointed to the care of the person and property of a minor. 2. By the laws of Louisiana minors under the age of fourteen years, if males, and under the age of twelve years, if females, ar...


    TUTOR PROPRTUS. - The name given to one who is rightly a guardian in socage in contradistinction, to a tutor alienus. (q. v.)


    TUTOR ALIENUS - , Eng. law. The name given to a stranger who enters into the lands of an infant within the age of fourteen), and takes the profits. 2. He may be called to an account by the infant, and be charged as guardian in socage. Li...


    TUTELAGE. - State of guardianship; the condition of one who is subject to the control of a guardian.


    TURPITUDE. - Everything done contrary to justice, honesty, modesty or good morals, is said to be done with turpitude.


    TURPIS CAUSA - , contracts. A base or vile consideration, forbidden by law, which makes the contract void; as a contract, the consideration of which is the future illegal cohabitation of the obligee with the obligor.


    TURNPIKE. - A public road paved with stones or other hard substance. 2. Turnpike roads are usually made by corporations to which a power to make them has been granted. The grant of such power passes not only an easement for the road itse...


    TURNKEY. - A person under the superintendence of a jailor, whose employment is to open and fasten the prison doors and to prevent the prisoners from escaping. 2. It is his duty to use due diligence, and he may be punished for gross negle...


    TURBARY, - Eng. law. A right to dig turf; an easement.

  • TUN,

    TUN, - measure. A vessel of wine or oil, containing four hogsheads.


    TUMBREL - , punishment. A species of cart; according to Lord Coke, a dung-cart. 2. This instrument, like the pillory, was used as a means of exposure; and according to some authorities, it seems to have been synonymous with the trebucket...

  • TUB-MAN,

    TUB-MAN, - Eng. law. A barrister who has a pre-audience in the Exchequer, and also one who has a particular place in court, is so called.

  • TUB

    TUB - , measures. In mercantile law, a tub is a measure containing sixty pounds weight of tea; and from fifty-six to eighty-six pounds of camphor. Jacob's Law Dict. h. t.