VOYAGE, - marine law. The passage of a ship upon the seas, from one port to another, or to several ports. 2. Every voyage must have a terminus a quo and a terminus ad quem. When the insurance is for a limited time, the two extremes of tha...


    VOUCHER, - common recoveries. The voucher in common recoveries, is the person on whom the tenant to the praecipe calls to defend the title to the land, because he is supposed to have warranted the title to him at the time of the original pu...


    VOUCHER, - accounts. An account book in which are entered the acquittances, or warrants for the accountant's discharge. It also signifies any acquittance or receipt, which is evidence of payment, or of the debtor's being discharged. See 3 H...


    VOUCHER TO WARRANTY, - common recoveries. The calling one who has warranted lands, by the party warranted, to come and defend the suit for him. Co. Litt. 101, b. Vide Warranty, voucher to.


    VOUCHEE. - In common recoveries, the person who is called to warrant or defend the title, is called the vouchee. 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 2093.

  • VOTER.

    VOTER. - One entitled to a vote; an elector.

  • VOTE.

    VOTE. - Suffrage; the voice of an individual in making a choice by many. The total number of voices given at an election; as, the presidential vote. 2. Votes are either given, by ballot, v.) or viva voce; they may be deli-vered person...


    VOLUNTEERS, - army. Persons who in time of war offer their services to their country and march in its defence. 2. Their rights and duties are prescribed by the municipal laws of the different states. But when in actual service they are s...


    VOLUNTEERS, - contracts. Persons who receive a voluntary conveyance. (q. v.) 2. It is a general rule of the courts of equity that they will not assist a mere volunteer who has a defective conveyance. Fonbl. B. 1, c. 5, s. 2, and See t...


    VOLUNTARY. - Willingly; done with one's consent; negligently. Wolff, §5. 2. To render an act criminal or tortious it must be voluntary. If a man, therefore, kill another without a will on his part, while engaged in the performanc...


    VOLUNTARY WASTE. - That which is either active or wilful, in contradistinction to that which arises from mere negligence, which is called permissive waste. 2 Bouv. Inst. 2394, et seq. Vide Waste.


    VOLUNTARY SALE, - contracts. One made freely, without constraint, by the owner of the thing &old. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 974.


    VOLUNTARY NONSUIT, - practice. The abandonment of his cause by a plaintiff, and an agreement that a judgment for costs be entered against him. 3 Bouv. Inst. n. 3306.


    VOLUNTARY JURISDICTION. - In the ecclesiastical law, jurisdiction is either contentious jurisdiction, (q. v.) or voluntary jurisdiction. By the latter term is understood that kind of jurisdiction which requires no judicial proceedings, as,...


    VOLUNTARY ESCAPE. - The giving to a prisoner voluntarily, any liberty not authorized by law. 5 Mass. 310; 2 Chipm. 11; 3 Harr. & John. 559; 2 Harr. & Gill. 106; 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 2332.


    VOLUNTARY DEPOSIT, - civil law. One which is made by the mere consent or agreement of the parties. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 1054.


    VOLUNTARY CONVEYANCE, - contracts. The transfer of an estate made without any adequate consideration of value. 2. Whenever a voluntary conveyance is made, a presumption of fraud properly arises upon the statute of 27th Eliz. cap. 4, whic...


    VOIDABLE. - That which has some force or effect, but which, in consequence of some inherent quality, may be legally annulled or avoided. 2. As a familiar example, may be mentioned the case of a contract, made by an infant with an adult,...

  • VOID,

    VOID, - contracts, practice. That which has no force or effect. 2. Contracts, bequests or legal proceedings may be void; these will be severally considered. 3. - 1. The invalidity of a contract may arise from many causes. 1. Whe...


    VOCATIO IN JUS, - Roman civ. law. According to the practice in the legis actiones of the Roman law, a person having a demand against another, verbally cited him to go with him to the praetor in jus eamus. In jus te voco. This was denominate...