C

  • CZAROWITZ

    CZAROWITZ - .. The title of the eldest son of the czar and czarina of Russia.

  • CZARINA

    CZARINA - . The title of the empress of Russia.

  • CZAR

    CZAR - . A title of honor which is assumed by the emperor of all the Russias. See Autocracy.

  • CY PRES

    CY PRES - , construction. These are old French words, which signify "as near as." 2. In cases where a perpetuity is attempted in a will, the courts do not, if they can avoid it, construe the devise to be utterly void, but expound the wil...

  • CUSTOMS

    CUSTOMS - . This term is usually applied to those taxes which are payable upon goods and merchandise imported or exported. Story, Const. 949; Bac. Ab. Smuggling. CUSTOS ROTULORUM, Eng. law. The principal justice of the peace of a county, who...

  • CUSTOMARY RIGHTS

    CUSTOMARY RIGHTS - . Rights which are acquired by custom. They differ from prescriptive rights in this, that the former are local usages, belonging to all the inhabitants of a particular place or district - the latter are rights of individua...

  • CUSTOM-HOUSE

    CUSTOM-HOUSE - . A place appointed by law, in ports of entry, where importers of goods, wares and merchandise are bound to enter the same, in order to pay or secure the duties or customs due to the government.

  • CUSTOM OF MERCHANTS

    CUSTOM OF MERCHANTS - , lex mercatoria. A system of customs acknowledged and taken notice of by all nations, and are, therefore, a part of the general law of the land. See Law merchant, and 1 Chit. Bl. 76, note 9.

  • CUSTOM

    CUSTOM - . A usage which had acquired the force of law. It is, in fact, a lex loci, which regulates all local or real property within its limits. A repugnancy which destroys it, must be such as to show it never did exist. 5 T. R. 414. In Pen...

  • CUSTODY

    CUSTODY - . The detainer of a person by virtue of a lawful authority. To be in custody, is to be lawfully detained under arrest. Vide 14 Vin. Ab. 359; 3 Chit. Pr. 355. In another sense, custody signifies having the care and possession of a t...

  • CURTILAGE

    CURTILAGE - , estates. The open space situated within a common enclosure belonging to a dwelling-house. Vide 2 Roll, Ab. 1, l. 30; Com. dig. Grant, E 7, E 9; Russ. & Ry. 360; Id. 334, 357; Ry & Mood. 13; 2 Leach, 913; 2 Bos. & Pu...

  • CURTESY, or COURTESY

    CURTESY, or COURTESY - , Scotch law. A life-rent given by law to the surviving hushand, of all his wife's heritage of which she died infeft, if there was a child of the marriage born alive. The child born of the marriage must be the mother's...

  • CURSITOR BARON

    CURSITOR BARON - , Eng. law. An officer of the court of the exchequer, who is appointed by patent under the great seal, to be one of the barons of the exchequer.

  • CURRENT

    CURRENT - , merc. law. A term used to express present time; the current month; i.e. the present month. Price current, is the ordinary price at the time spoken of. A printed paper, containing such prices, is also called a price current. 2...

  • CURRENCY

    CURRENCY - . The money which passes, at a fixed value, from hand to hand; money which is authorized by law. 2. By art. 1, s. 8, the Constitution of the United States authorizes congress "to coin money, and to regulate the value thereof." Ch...

  • CURIALITY

    CURIALITY - , Scotch law. The same as courtesy. (q. v.) 1 Bell's Com. 61.

  • CURIA REGIS

    CURIA REGIS - . An English court, which assumed this name, during the reign of Henry II. It was Curia or Aula Regis, because it was held in the g reat hall of the king's palace; and where the king, for some time, administered justice in pers...

  • CURIA CLAUDENDA, WRIT DE

    CURIA CLAUDENDA, WRIT DE - , Eng. law. The name of a writ, used to compel a party to enclose his land. F. N. B. 297.

  • CURIA ADVISARE VULT

    CURIA ADVISARE VULT - , practice. The court will consider the matter. This entry is made on the record when the court wish to take time to consider of a case before they give a final judgment, which is made by an abbreviation, cur. ad vult,...

  • CURIA

    CURIA - . A court of justice.